Steel is a popular metal alloy consisting mostly of iron and some carbon. Although all steel is made of iron and carbon, different types of steel contain different percentages of each element. Steel can also include other elements like nickel, molybdenum, manganese, titanium, boron, cobalt, or vanadium. Adding different elements to the “recipe” for a steel alloy affects its material properties.
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cold roll alloy 1008, good formability and high strength, with an excellent
surface finish compared to other alloys. excellent welds and can be
exceptionally cold formed and brazed.commonly used in extruded and
cold-pressed parts, home appliances, and automotive application
Plain low carbon steel, good
strength and ductility, poor machinability but good formability and
weldability. Case harden only. ideal for parts that require forming and
surface hardening.used for mounting plates, spacers and fixtures.
AISI 1095 carbon steel has high
hardness and strength， very
basic as it contains only two main elements, carbon, and manganese. It's
relatively hard with good wear resistance, fair machinability , good edge
12L14 is an extremely popular
free-machining alloy (FMA), ideal for parts that require considerable
machining and close tolerances.The addition of lead allows it to be machined
very quickly and efficiently, to a smooth finish. used in pulleys, hydraulic fittings.probably
more pounds used in turned products than any other bar stock
strength, toughness, and fatigue resistance. excellent weldability and ease
of fabrication.used for military and commercial aircraft parts.
general-purpose alloy.has considerable atmospheric corrosion and wear
resistance.high tensile strength and toughness, poor welding performance.
Common Applications: gears, shafts, pins, bolts and nuts, pump and valve
A low carbon
steel, common hot rolled steel with a rougher surface than cld rolled
steels.It is strong, tough, ductile, easily machined, welded, and formed, but
poor corrosion resistance. often used in base plates machine frames , and
D2 Tool Steel is a versatile high-carbon, high-chromium, air-hardening tool
steel,great wear and abrasion resistance, and known for its hardness. typically sed for long-run dies and
blanking , as well as shear blades and gauges
is a medium tensile, low carbon manganese steel which is readily weldable and
possesses good impact resistance
It has a deeper
and more uniform surface hardness than other carbon steels.Welding is not
ideal due to its high lead and sulfur content.can be heat treated and
forged.can be heat treated and forged.used for like axles, shafts, bolts, and
It has good
stress resistance.Welding is not ideal, easily machined and can be annealed,
quenched, tempered,and heat treated.used for parts that require strength and
Higher carbon, higher strength,
direct hardening.It has good stress resistance.used for higher stress
applications, gears, shafts, studs, etc.
ductility and ideal for deep drawing. Better mechanical properties than 230
Brass, but less corrosion resistant. Can be easily hot and cold worked.
Applications include battery caps,musical instruments, clock dials, flexible metal hoses,
bellows, and pump lines
strength and average machinability, but is note weldable and has limited
resistance to corrosion. cost is higher compared to other aluminum alloy.
Typically used in aircraft wings, fuselages and rock climbing equipment.
free-machining chromium-molybdenum steel. has high strength, hardenability,
ductility, wear resistance, good toughness, and resists stress and creep at
prolonged high temperatures. often used to make shafts, bolts, couplings,
tractor & trailer axles, spindles